Sypher, J.R., History of the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps, Lancaster, PA: Elias Barr and Co.,

1865

 

CONTENTS

 

PREFACE

 

CHAPTER I.

INTRODUCTION

 

 Threats of Southern leaders--Secret preparation for war-Treachery of Buchanan's Cabinet--Conduct of Floyd-Shipment of arms and ammunition to the Southern States--Seizure of Government property by the rebels--Dispersion of the Navy-Secession of South Carolina--The Government in possession of the Conspirators--The inauguration of President Lincoln--Official declaration that force will be used to defend public property--The conspirators attack Fort Sumter--The effect in the South--The uprising of the North--The condition of the War Department--Response to the call for 75,000 troops--Washington threatened--Treachery of Virginians-- Harper' s Ferry and Gosport Navy Yard destroyed --Riot in Baltimore--The route to the Capital re-opened ...... 24

 

CHAPTER II


PREPARATIONS FOR WAR IN PENNSYLVANIA.

The People of Pennsylvania respond to threats of Secession--Governor Curtin pledges the power of the State-The Legislature resolves to sustain the Union-The War excitement in the State-Mayor Henry's Address to the People-Pennsylvania Troops at Washington in advance of all others-Response of the People to the President's Call for Troops in April, 1861-Camp Curtin established at Harrisburg-Action of Public Men-Hon. Simon Cameron, Secretary of War-Hon. Thaddeus Stevens advises an Army of a million of men-Governor Curtin convenes the Legis-lature-His ' Message-Recommends the organization of a Reserve Corps-Patriotism of the People-Soldiers' Aid Societies-Refreshment Saloons-Gen. Patterson's Call for Twenty-five Regiments-Act authorizing the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps-George A. McCall appointed Major-Gencral-Companies ordered into Camps of Instruction-Col. Mann at Easton-Captain McIntire at West Chester-Organization of First Regiment-Col. Roberts-John A. Wright, Chief of Ordnance, &c.-Organization of the Kane Rifle Regiment-Col. Biddle-Organization of the Fifth Regiment-Campaign of Biddle's Brigade to Western VirginiaSkirmishes at New Creek and PiedmontForced March to Ridgeville-Retum of Brigade to Harrisburg ........................... 44

CHAPTER III.

ORGANIZATION.

Regiments organized in Camp Washington, Easton-Colonel Mann -Colonel, Sickel- Colonel March-Organization of the Sixth regiment, Camp Curtin-Organization of the Seventh regiment, Camp Wayne-Regiments organized in Camp Wilkins-Colonel Hays-Regiments in Camp Wright-Colonel McCalmont-Colonel Gallagher-Twelfth regiment in Camp Curtin-Colonel Taggert.-McDowell's advance-Battle of Bull Run-Call for the Reserve Corps-Marching of regiments-Passage through Baltimore-Arrival at Washington-Camp formed at Tenallytown-First regiment at Annapolis-Artillery regiment-Organization of the Fifteenth regiment, cavalry . ......... ......... ......... ...... 78


CHAPTER IV.

TENALLYTOWN—PIERPONT--DRANESVILLE.

Camp instructions~-General intelligence of the men-Position of the Reserve Corps-Alarms- -Picket firing-Desire to meet the enemy in battle-The enemy driven from Upton's Hill-Grand Review by President Lincoln and General McClellan-General McCall's order-Resignation of Captain McPherson-A negro informs General McCall of the approach of the enemy-Lieutenants Fisher and Wonderly detailed for duty in Signal Corps-Condition, strength and discipline of the Reserve Corps-The enemy reported to be advancing-Attack on pickets at Great Falls-Presentation of colors by Governor Curtin-Organization of brigades-Report on condition of the division- Colonel Magilton-Advance into Virginia-Order of march-Langley-McCall's division the right of the army-Disasters in other divisions-The Reserves always successful-Reconnoissance to Dranesville-Ball's Bluff-Colonel Taggart tried by Court Martial-Reconnoissance to Gunnell's farm-Cavalry reconnoissance to Dranesville-Battle of Dranesville-McCall's official report-Letter from Secretary Cameron-Governor Curtin goes to Camp Pierpont ......... ......... ......... ......... ............ ......... ........ 107

 

CHAPTER V

OPERATIONS OF THE ARMY EAST AND WEST.

The effect of the battle of Dranesville-Blockade of the Potomac-Resignation of General Scott- McClellan appointed General-in-Chief of the National army-Situation on the Potomac-Other Departments-Capture of Hatteras Inlet-Battle of Carnifex Ferry-Operations in Missouri- Change of Commanders in theWest-Formidable preparations by Army and Navy-Capture of Port Royal-Burnside's expedition-Battle of Logan's Cross Roads-Capture of Fort Henry and Fort Donelson-Battle of Pea Ridge-The Merrimac-Naval engagements in Hampton Roads-The Monitor-Repose of the Army of the Potomac-Spirit of the people-Mistaken policy-Army corps-President Lincoln's War Orders-The Army of the Potomac ordered to advance-Choice of route to Richmond-Evacuation of Manassas by the rebels-Advance of the Army of the Potomac-Embarkation for the Peninsula-Advance on Yorktown-Siege and Evacuation of Yorktown-Battle of Williamsburg-Advance to Chickahominy-Battle of Fair Oaks-Detachment of McDowell's Corps-March of the Reserves to Hunter's Mills-" Smoky Hollow”- March to Alexandria-Hard march and stormy night-Preparations for a new Campaign-The First Corps moves to Manassas-Scenes on the Bull Run battle-field-Paymaster and sutler in camp-Tricks of trade-Advance to Catlett's Station-Capture of Fredericksburg-Colonel Taggart's treatment of guerrillas-McDowell desires to advance from Fredericksburg-Promotion of Colonel Bayard and Lieutenant- Colonel Owen Jones-The First Corps ordered to march on Richmond-President Lincoln at Fredericksburg-McDowell's advance within eight miles of McClellan's army-The recall-Jackson's raid-McDowell's troops sent to the Shenandoah-Bayard's Cavalry and the Bucktail battalion pursuing Jackson-Harrisonburgh-Gallant conduct of Bucktails-Capture of Lieutenant- Colonel Kane and Captain Taylor-Battle of Cross Keys-Escape of Jackson ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ...... 142

 

CHAPTER VI

PENINSULAR CAMPAIGN—MECHANICSVILLE—GAINES’ MILL

The Reserves in camp at Fredericksburg-Condition of brigades-General Reynolds military governor-General Ord, promotion, his military services-McClellan calls for reinforcements-Destruction of bridges at Fredericksburg-McCall's division ordered to the Peniusula-Embarkation-Sailing to the White House Disembarkation-March to Despatch station-Pursuit of enemy at Tunstall's station-Stuart's raid-Arrival of Third brigade-The Reserves save McClellan's line of communication-Concentration of the division at Despatch station-Strength of the division-March to new bridge-Spirit of the men-McCall and his troops assigned the post of honor-March to Mechanicsville-The appearance of the troops-Position on Beaver Dam creek -Occupation of Mechanicsville-Picket lines-Powerful armies face to face-Delay of the attack-The situation; in Richmond; in the armies-McClellan in doubt-Resolves to give battle-Position of the army-Advance of the left wing-Position of the right wing-Jackson's movement -Advance of the Rebel army -Battle of Mechanicsville-Night after the battle- Withdrawal to a new line-Position at Gaines' Mill-Battle of Gaines' Mill-Desperate fighting by regiments-Official reports-Results...................................... 187

 

 

CHAPTER VII

PENINSULAR CAMPAIGN-NEW MARKET CROSS ROADS.

Designs of the enemy-Trent's farm-Movement to Savage station -Army trains-The reserve artillery; its value to the army; intrusted to McCall's division-Arrival of McCall at Savage station -Interview with McClellan-Proposition to destroy the trains-The Hero of Mechanicsville prefers to fight-Spirit of the troops -Scenes at Savage station-Sorrowful partings-Rev. Junius Marks-Distress of the wounded-Battle of Allen's farm-Gallantry of the Fifty-third Pennsylvania regiment-Battle of Savage station-March to New Market road-A restless night-Battle of New Market cross roads-Treachery of a negro guide-The brunt of the attack sustained by the Reserves-The Third regiment begins the battle-Charge of the Seventh-Colifusion on the left-Charge of the First brigade-Death of Colonel Simmons -Cooper's and Kern's batteries.-Capture and re-capture of Cooper's battery-Charge of the Irish Brigade-Terrible struggle for Randall's battery-General Meade wounded-General McCall captured-Colonel Roberts in command-Return of General Seymour-Artillery abandoned by the army-Colonel Simmons-Captain Biddle-False reports-Honor of the Reserves vindicated ............................................................... 246

 

CHAPTER VIII

PENINSULAR CAMPAIGN-MALVERN HILL-HARRISON’ S LANDING.

 


Battle at Turkey bridge-Withdrawal of troops to Malvern hill-Noble efforts to save the wounded-Line of battle on Malvern hill-The battle-Retreat to Harrison's landing-March of the Reserves-Situation at Harrison's landing-Casualties in the Reserve Corps-Reorganization-Labors of the surgeons-Promotion of officers-Colonel McCandless-Fisher-Ricketts-Sinclair-Harvey-Hays-Jackson-Anderson-Taggart-Hardin-Donations of delicacies and vegetables-Mrs. Harris-Prof. Kevinski-Return of prisoners from Richmond-Their reception-McCall at home; sword presentation at West Chester-Resignation-General Reynolds assumes command of Reserves-President Lincoln and General Halleck visit the army-General Pope assigned to the army of Virginia-His mission-McClellan ordered to withdraw from the Peninsula-Tardy obedience-Critical situation of the armies-General Hooker's reconnaissance to Malvem hill-End of Peninsula campaign ......... 298

 

CHAPTER IX

POPE”S CAMPAIGN--BULL RUN—MARYLAND CAMPAIGN—SOUTH MOUNTAIN--ANTIETAM


Position of Pope's army-Abandons the line of the Rapidan-Position on the Rappahannock-Movements of the enemy-Attempts to cross the river-Pope's army outflanked-Promised reinforcements do not arrive-Rain storm-Movement to Warrenton -March to Manassas-Battle at Bristoe station-Skirmish at Gainesville-Jackson's retreat from Manassas-Pursuit-Jackson surrounded-Withdrawal of McDowell's forces-Change of plan-Porter's disobedience of orders-General Sigel's attack on Jackson on the 29th of August-Noble conduct of General Reynolds-Desperate fighting-Heintzelman and Reno on the field General Pope orders a charge along the front-The enemy driven from the field-In explicable conduct of General Porter-Situation at nightfall-Position on Saturday morning-Porter's repulse,desperate fighting along the whole line-The enemy in overwhelming numbers-Turning of Pope's left-Attempt to seize the Stone bridge-Daring valor of General Reynolds and the Reserves-Official reports-Loss in Reserve regiments-March to Centreville-Condition of the troops-Rations issued-Battle of Chantilly-Retirement of the army within the fortifications-Object of Pope's campaign-Transfer of the Army of the Potomac-Movements of McClellan-The rebels cross the Potomac-Pursuit by General McClellan-March of the Reserves-Meade in command-Battle of South Mountain-Spirited charge up the mountain slope-The shout of victory-The casualties-The bivouac-Pursuit of the enemy-Position on the Antietam-Hooker ordered to turn the enemy's left-The Reserves in the advance-The fight on Tuesday night-The picket line on the field-Battle of Antietam-Desperate fighting- Field won, lost and won again-Fighting on the right-Fighting on the left- The field-The casualtie&-Official reports ............ ......... 331

 

 

CHAPTER X

BURNSIDE’S CAMPAIGN--FREDERICKSBURG-HOOKERS CAMPAIGN-CHANCELLORSVILLE.

 

Camps at Sharpsburg-Effort to withdraw the Reserves-Resignation of Colonel Roberts-Colonel Potts-Major Todd-Colonels Talley-Baily-Kirk-Warner-GeneraI officers-Supplies for the soldiers--McClellan's delay-Ordered to advance-Stuart's raid-Advance into Virginia-March of the Reserves-McClellan relieved-Burnside assumes command-Plan of campaign-Organization of the army-Movement to Falmouth-Battle of Fredericksburg-Line of battle-The Reserves in the advance-Charge of the First and Third brigades-They pierce the enemy's line-Unsupported-Forced back-Casualties-General Jackson -Death of three sergeants--Captain 0’Rourke- General Meade's report-Sumner's and Hooker's attacks- Withdrawal of the army to the north bank of the river-Second campaign-Burnside requests to be relieved-Hooker placed in command of the army -General Meade promoted to the command of the Fifth corps-General Doubleday in command of the Reserves-The Reserves transferred to Washington-Hooker's administration-Condition of the army-Hooker's campaign-His plans-Movements-Battle of Chancellorsville-Jackson's assault on the Eleventh corps-Desperate fighting-Death of Colonel Peissner-Generals Berry and Whipple-Sedgwick victorious at Fredericksburg-The Sixth corps struggles against Lee's whole army-Hooker retreats across the river-Loss in both armies ......... ......... 396

 

CHAPTER XI

INVASION OF PENNSYLVANIA-MEADE'S CAMPAIGN-GETTYSBURG-MINE RUN.

 

Transfer of Reserve Corps to Alexandria-Guarding the railroad-Efforts to retire the Reserves- Change of officers ; resignations and promotions -Colonel Ent-Colonel S. M. Jackson-General Crawford-Lee's march northward-Hooker's march to Frederick-Advance of the Rebel army into Pennsylvania-Destruction of the Columbia bridge-The Reserves ask to be led against the invaders of their native State-General Meade assumes command of the army-Meade's plans-Movements-Position-Advance on Gettysburg-Movements of the enemy-Reynolds' corps at Gettysburg-Beginning of the battle-Death of Reynolds-General Howard falls back to Cemetery hill-Concentration of the army-Line of battle- Operations of the second day Topography of the field-Position of the Third corps-The attack on the left-Charge of the Reserves-Capture of Roundtop-The battle on the right-Close of the second day-Preparations for the third day-Desperate fight on Friday morning-The lull-The artillery fire and the charge in the evening General Meade in the battle- Slaughter of the enemy-The second charge of the Reserves-End of the battle-The casualties-Surgeon Jackson-Colonel Taylor-General Reynolds Retreat of the enemy-The pursuit-Position of the enemy at Falling Water-The council of Generals-The escape of Lee's army-Pursuit into Virginia-End of the campaign-General Meade-Presentation of sword to Meade-Operations on the Rappahannock- The retrograde movement to Centreville-Battle of Bristoe station-Advance to the Rapidan-Battle on the Rappahannock-Mine run campaign-Marches and skirmishes of the Reserves-The withdrawal-Winter quarters …432

 

CHAPTER XII

WINTER QUARTERS-GRANT'S CAMPAIGN-WILDERNESS-
SPOTTSYLVANIA COURT-HOUSE - NORTH ANNA - BE-
THESDA CHURCH-MUSTER OUT.

Guarding the Railroad-Capture Of guerillas- Colonel Hardin wounded -Expedition to Brentsville-Death of Major Larimer-Colonel Gustin's expedition to Occoquan-Captain Fisher; his escape from Libby Prison-Reorganization of the Army-General Grant-Advance-Crossing the Rapidan-The Army in the Wilderness-Muster out of the Ninth regiment-Surgeons Phillips, King and Lane-General Meade's address to the Army-The battle in the Wilderness-The advance to Parker's store-Line of battle-The Reserves surrounded-Escape to Lacy's farm-Capture of the Seventh regiment-Colonel Bolinger-Battle of Friday-General Wadsworth-Death of Colonel Dare -Movement to the right-Close of the day-Operations on Saturday-Night march to Spottsylvania Court-House-Battle on Sunday-Charge of the Reserves-Line of battle-Second charge-McCandless wounded-Colonel Talley captured-Operations on Monday-Death of General Sedgwick-Sheridan's cavalry raid-Battle of TueBday-The army at rest-Battle of Thursday-Hancock's coup de main-Desperate battle-Days of repose-The return of the Eighth regiment-Death of Surgeon Jones-Escape of Captain Robinson and Lieutenant Robinson-Attempt to turn the right-Exploit of Bucktails-Movement to Guinney's station-March to the North Anna-Operations south of the North Anna-Flank movement to Hanover-Battle of Bethesda Church-Expiration of term of service –Casualties-Return to Pennsylvania-Reception-Muster out-Campaign of the Third and Fourth regiments in Western Virginia-Battle of Cloyd's mountain-Battle of New River-Casualties-Death of Colonel Woolworth-Return-Reception and muster out-The glory of the Reserves ......... ...... ......... ......... ......... ......... 501

CHAPTER XIII

REGIMENTAL ROLLS AND INDIVIDUAL RECORDS.
(Not included at this time)

 

MUSTER-OUT ROLLS OF THE FIRST REGIMENT-Roll of Field and Staff Officers-Roll of company A-Roll of company B-Roll of company C-Roll of company D-Roll of company E-Roll of company F-Roll of company G-Roll of company H-Roll of company I-Roll of company K ...... ......... ......... ...... 562

MUSTER-OUT ROLLS OF THE SECOND REGIMENT-Roll of Field and Staff Officers-Roll of company A-Roll of company B-Roll of company C-Roll of company D-Roll of company E-Roll of company F-Roll of company G-Roll of company H-Roll of company K ........................ 575

MUSTER-OUT ROLLS OF THE THIRD REGIMENT-Roll of Field and Staff Officers--Roll of company A-Roll of company B-Roll of company C-Roll of company D-Roll of company E-Roll of company F-Roll of company G-Roll of company H-Roll ofcompany I-Roll of company K ..... ...... ...... ......... ...... ...... 584

MUSTER-OUT ROLLS OF THE FOURTH REGIMENT-Roll of Field and Staff Officers-Roll of company A-Roll of company B-Roll of company C-Roll of company D-Roll of company E-Roll of company F-Roll of company G-Roll of company H-Roll of company I-Roll of company K ............ ......... ...... ......... 597

MUSTER-OUT ROLLS OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT-Roll of Field and Staff Officers--Roll of company A-Roll of company B-Roll of company C-Roll of company D-Roll of company E-Roll of company F-Roll of company G-Roll of company H-Roll of company I-Roll of company K ......... ........................... 609

MUSTER-OUT ROLLS OF THE SIXTH REGIMENT
-Roll of Field and Staff officers-Roll of company A-Roll of company B-Roll of company C-Roll of company D-Roll of company E-Roll of company F-Roll of company G-Roll of company H-Roll ofcompany I-Roll of company K 621

MUSTER-OUT ROLLS OF THE SEVENTH REGIMENT-Roll of Field and staff Officers-Roll, of company A-Roll of company B-Roll of company C-Roll of company D-Roll of company E-Roll of company F-Roll of company G-Roll of company H-Roll of company I-Roll of company K .................................... 634

MUSTER-OUT ROLLS OF THE EIGHTH REGIMENT-Roll of Field and Staff Officers-Roll of company A-Roll of company B-Roll of company C-Roll of company D-Roll of company E-Roll of company F-Roll of company G-Roll of company H-Muster-in Roll of company I-Roll of company K ......... ......... ...... ...... ...... ...... 648

MUSTER-OUT ROLLS OF THE NINTH REGIMENT-Roll of Field and Staff Officers-Roll of company A-Roll of company B-Roll of company C-Roll of company D-Roll of company E-Roll of company F-Roll of company G-Roll of company H-Muster-out Roll of company I-Roll of company K ...... ...... ......... ...... ...... .... - 659

MUSTER-OUT ROLLS OF THE TENTH REGIMENT-Roll of Field and Staff Officers-Roll of company A-Roll of company B-Roll of company C
Roll of company D-Roll of company E-Muster-out Roll of company F-Roll of company G -Muster-out Roll of company H-
Roll of compamy I-Roll of company K ......... ......... 667711

MUSTER-OUT ROLLS OF THE ELEVENTH
REGIMENT-Roll of Field and Staff Officers-Muster-out Roll of company A-Roll of company B-Roll of company C-Roll of company D-Muster-out Roll of company E-Roll of company F-Muster-out Roll of company G-Roll of
company H-Roll of company I-Roll of company K ......... 684

-MUSTER-OUT ROLLS OF THE TWELFTH -REGIMENTRoll of Field and Staff Officers-Roll of company A-Roll of company B-Roll of company C-Roll of company D-Roll of company E-Roll of company F-Roll of company G-Roll of company H-Roll J
company I-Muster-in Roll of company K ......................... 696

MUSTER-OUT ROLLS OF THE THIRTEENTH --BUCKTAIL-REGIMENT-Roll of Field and Staff Officers-Roll of company A-Roll of company B-Roll of. company C -Roll of company D-Roll of company E-Roll of company F-Roll of company G-Roll of
company H-Roll of company I-Roll, of company K ........ 710